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The 6 Articles of Faith are called  Arkan E Eeman/Imaan or the 6 pillars of Eeman. It comes in a famous hadith called as The Hadith of Jibreel or Hadees  E Jibreel. In the hadith of the Gabriel (Gibreel), related by ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (R) the basic Principal of the Islam are laid out.

حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ: بَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ، إِذْ طَلَعَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلٌ………فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الْإِيمَانِ، قَالَ: «أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاللهِ، وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ، وَكُتُبِهِ، وَرُسُلِهِ، وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ، وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ»، قَالَ: صَدَقْتَ……….ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي: «يَا عُمَرُ أَتَدْرِي مَنِ السَّائِلُ؟» قُلْتُ: اللهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ، قَالَ: «فَإِنَّهُ جِبْرِيلُ أَتَاكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ دِينَكُمْ»

Umar ibn al-Khattab (R) said that we were sitting by the Prophet ﷺ and the man came to us……. And asked the Prophet ﷺ  “Tell me about belief (iman).”The Prophet ﷺ  replied, “It is to believe in Allah; His Angels; His Books; His Messengers; the Last Day; and in destiny—its good and bad.”…….and the Prophet ﷺ told me do you know this man and I replied Allah and his Messenger know the best and he ﷺ replied indeed he is Jibreel he came to teach you your religion. [1]

As we know from this hadith that the belief has six Pillars and are described as under:

  1. 1.     Absolute and total belief and acceptance in the Oneness of Allah.
  2. 2.    Absolute and total belief and acceptance in the Angels of Allah.
  3. 3.     Absolute and total belief and acceptance in all the revealed books of Allah.
  4. 4.     Absolute and total belief and acceptance in all the appointed Prophets of Allah.
  5. 5.     Absolute and total belief and acceptance in the concept of the Hereafter, Paradise, and Hell-Fire
  6. 6.     Absolute and total belief and acceptance in the ‘Qadr’ or Divine Decrees of Allah.

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