Islamic Months

ھُوَ الَّذِيْ جَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ ضِيَاۗءً وَّالْقَمَرَ نُوْرًا وَّقَدَّرَهٗ مَنَازِلَ لِتَعْلَمُوْا عَدَدَ السِّـنِيْنَ وَالْحِسَابَ  ۭ

مَا خَلَقَ اللّٰهُ ذٰلِكَ اِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ ۚ يُفَصِّلُ الْاٰيٰتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَّعْلَمُوْنَ  .

He it is Who made the sun a radiance, that is, emitting light, and the moon a light, and determined it, with respect to its movement, in stations: 28 stations in 28 nights every month, becoming concealed for two nights when a particular month has 30 days, or [concealed] for one night, when it has 29 days, so that you might know, thereby, the number of the years and the reckoning. God did not create that, which is mentioned, save in truth, not in vain, exalted be He above such things. He details (read yufassilu or nufassilu, ‘We detail’) the signs for a people who know, who reflect.[Al Quran10:5]

1Muḥarramمُحَرَّم
2Ṣafarصَفَر
3Rabī‘ Iرَبيع الأوّل Rabī‘ al-Awwal
4Rabī‘ IIرَبيع الثاني Rabī‘ ath-Thānī
رَبيع الآخر Rabī‘ al-Ākhir
5Jumādá Iجُمادى الأولى Jumādá al-Ūlá
6Jumādá IIجُمادى الثانية Jumādá ath-Thāniyah
جُمادى الآخرة Jumādá al-Ākhira
7Rajabرَجَب
8Sha‘bānشَعْبان
9Ramaḍānرَمَضان
10Shawwālشَوّال
11Dhū al-Qa‘dahذو القَعْدة
12Dhū al-Ḥijjahذو الحِجّة

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