Belief in fate and the divine decree

  1. Belief in Divine Decree (Al Qadr)

It is the sixth and final pillar of eeman, the good and evil thereof.

There are 4 parts of belief:
 To believe that Allah knows everything about the past, present, future before it happened (example: Allah knows how much data you have in your pc.) as one of the glorious attribute of Allah is “the all knower”  العلیم

هُوَ اللّٰهُ الَّذِيْ لَآ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ ۚ عٰلِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ   ۚ هُوَ الرَّحْمٰنُ الرَّحِيْمُ

Quran: He is Allah, there is no (true) God but He; the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. [1]
Quran: ….. He knows you well when He created you from the earth (Adam), and when you were foetuses in your mothers’ wombs. So ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best him who fears Allah and keep his duty to Him [i.e. those who are Al-Muttaqn] [2]

  1. To believe that Allah has recorded the destiny of every creation in the book of decree (Al-Lauh al-Mahfooz)

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ کَتَبَ اللَّهُ مَقَادِيرَ الْخَلَائِقِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِخَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ قَالَ وَعَرْشُهُ عَلَی الْمَائِ

Hadith: Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: Allah has recorded the destinies of his creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, as His Throne was upon water. [3]
Quran: No calamity(tragedy) befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is recorded in the Book of Decree (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy forAllah. [4]

There are 4 types of “pre-recording” which include(i) Book of decree (Al-Lauh al-Mahfooz)
(ii) Allah’s decree concerning the life of a person who is still in the womb of the mother (life span, sustenance, deeds, and whether a person is successful or miserable); (iii) A yearly determination that occurs on Lailat al Qadr; (the destiny is taken from Al-Lauh Al-Mahfooz and written in the night of decree [Lailat al Qadr] )

  1. To believe that, in the universe everything is happening by the will and decree of Allah.

اِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنٰهُ بِقَدَرٍ

Quran: Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine recording of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decree Al-Lauh Al-Mahfz).[5]
Quran: And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam, and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on those who believe not. [6]

  1. To believe that everything which you see or not is the creation of Allah, only Allah is the creator of everything the actions you do, the body you have, the voice you speak… (Does Allah is the creator of your smart phone? Yes, because the material is used is to be taken the environment or the people make it by their hands, the hand is the creation of Allah so everything belongs to Allah Almighty)

وَاللّٰهُ خَلَقَكُمْ وَمَا تَعْمَلُوْنَ

Quran: While Allah has created you and (all) your works. [7]
Quran: …He has created everything… [8]

The very important topic The Free Will

Our belief it Allah Almighty has given us the free will by which we do or don’t do our actions, (example: if you give the shutdown command to a computer it cannot deny, so we can say computer does not have the free will but if your friend tells you to do something you have the choice to obey or not and this is called the free will) Allah says in the glorious Quran: Had they wished to set out, they would have made some preparation for it…[9]. Here the word ‘wish’ indicates free will.

The order of act upon the permissible thing or not to do the restricted things (Quran: O you who believe, do not devour each other‘s property…[10]. Quran: Establish worship, pay the poor-due…[11]) also indicates the free will of the humans if we don’t have the free will then Allah Almighty did not gave us  the order which we cannot do.

1 Quran 59:22
3 Hadith: muslim book of decree 2653
4 Quran 57:22
5 Quran 54:49
6 Quran 6:125
7 Quran 37:96
8 Quran 25:2
9 Quran 9:46
10 Quran 4:29
11 Quran 2:43

All Praise are due to Allah
Collected and written by
Amir Amin Lone
Admin: Academy Of Quran
Student: Muslim Students Board
Saturday, 01 October 2016

1 Software: Easy Quran and Hadith
2 Book:عقیدۃ  Muslim Students Board
3 Book: عقائد سلف
4 website: Ask Islam Pedia
5 (Pdf): The authentic creed

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